What is Politics, and what does it Mean to be a Politician or Statesman?

In a previous story, I went into detail on what a "City" is and what it is not. And since all things originate from the settlements upon the land, and in America, that means you are born upon the public domain, as per the treaties agreed upon. 
We had defined a city as being a "polis" as defined by the ancient greeks, of which is both the administrative and religious center of a community that holds all public buildings such as City Hall, Town Hall, Administration Buildings, as well as other Event Centers, and places of which to conduct the activity of the community.  
As for American, when you learn of, and study the 1783 Peace Treaty of Paris, and further, with the adoption of the 1790 Northwest Ordinance, it allowed Americans to set forth, and settle, claim, and organize their territorial divisions upon the land, the early framework to developing homesteads, farmsteads, townships, to developing cities, to conjoining those subdivisions to become part of Municipalities, we begin to understand the organizational framework of the "City"  itself. 
Under the Settlement Acts known today as the 1841 Preemption Act and the 1862 Homestead Act, America was now allowing its people the right to go out and settle, live on, claim, and establish for themselves a community.  
And this means, the origins of the City of Sioux Falls can be traced back to a period in time, between 1840 and 1870 as Americans came to the area to settle, lay claim to, and to map out, and zone 160 to 320 acres of land.  
Since all things stem from those who settle, and claim the land, this means, the overall authority lies with those who own, control, and have a vested interest in the "land". Landowners - an individual or entity having legal ownership of land. The term landowner may also include all forms of collective ownership including joint tenants, tenants in common, and life tenants. 
Understanding the history of Sioux Falls, one then knows that two groups of people came here, forming colonies.  First, the Western Town Company (1857) was a chartered organization from Dubuque, IA who laid claim to land along the Big Sioux River, above the WaterFalls south of 3rd Street, but north of 7th Street forming the Village of Sioux Falls; while the Dakota Land Company (1862) was a chartered organization from St. Paul, MN who laid claim land along the river, south of 7th Street, but north of 10th Street, thus forming Sioux Falls City.  
These powerful groups of landowners, mostly made up of businessmen and women, land speculators, and politicians of whom wanted to organize themselves, with the goal to build a capitol city for Dakota Territory.  
That leads us back to the word "politics" of which by the ancient Greeks, is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions in groups, or other forms of power relations among individuals, such as the distribution of resources or status. 
They had formed their Polis, of which would now hold their Administration of managing, controlling, that activity, of which they governed under a strict, but morally, and valued code of laws by establishing their Religious Center of adopting, or ordaining their vows, alongside their code of ordinances, let alone resolutions (promises) to maintain such authority upon the community itself. 
So, by forming our polis, and organizing the people as part of Politeia, of which in ancient Greece, described the political thought of the people, of the "Polis" giving to the people specific Rights as Citizens, to giving them the right to form their own form of government, in the best, most admired image of themselves.  
And that brings us back to the world politics, the mode, or activity of allowing a group of people, of which make up the polis, the landowners, tenants upon the land,  of whom act as one, and who now adopt rules to establish themselves a political culture of adopting their laws, and codes of governing over their land, their activity, with the intent to pool their resources, and assets for the good of the community itself.  
In the beginning, the two groups of which came to the area, forming the VIllage of Sioux Falls and Sioux Falls City, had already quickly under the homestead acts, the 1790 Northwest Ordinance, had laid out, formed, and zoned their communities by allowing the landowners to partition, or subdivide their land into 36 sections each, orchestrating a plan to hold the commercial district, alongside the residential districts, while at their epicenter was the polis, of which was led by an elite group of people to oversee the activity, public resources, and assets. 
This elite class (or status) of people, were led by the landowners, the property holders of laid down  a set of rules of which to adopt their vows, laws, and codes to live by, work by, to conduct collective activities - this group of people became "Citizens" of the community, of which held special, select powers of voting to ordain their rules. 
Therefore, those who lived within, became a part of the Politeria, which derived from the word politeuomai which means "I am a living, active citizen of the polis, a group of landowners, businessmen, and tenants upon the land of which actively participate in all public matters collectively.  
That brings us back to the word Politician - a person who has political power in the government of a state, a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking an elected office in government. 
To be part of this elite, privileged class of 'citizens' you must be either a Landowner, the person who controls the land, a Property-holder, the person of which owns a vested interest in the property upon the land, an Elected Representative, the person of which is nominated, voted for, and elected to meet in public meetings, commissions, to hold conventions to discuss public matters, and finally, you must be a Voter - a person of which becomes a qualified individual to participate in the governing process of choosing our elected persons, petitioning for those persons, initiatives, resolutions, let alone amendments to our constitutions, charters.  
That means, a "Politician" is any one, of whom is actively part of that small, but privileged group of Landowners, Property Holders, and Voters of which hold special powers to discuss, and congregate, form public discussion to adopt resolutions, initiatives, choose their Governor, Legislators, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Auditor, Land Commissioner, Utilities Commissioner, to their Judges, Sheriffs, County and Precinct Committee Persons, etc.  
Politicians are people who are politically active, especially in party politics. Political positions range from all elected persons mentioned above, from State and Local Governments, to the Federal Government, to International Governments. All political leaders are considered politicians. 
So, aren't all of us defined as Politicians? Even as "qualified voters" under our State Constitution, our City Charters are defined as a special, elite class of people of which take notice, participate, and become a part of the process of actively controlling all things, all activities, and business within our communities.  
Ultimately, a Politician is, and always is a "person" within the community of which holds special privileges, interests, of whom congregates with others in order to control, define, and manage all things of public interest of the community. They will meet within, and hold meetings, commissions, conventions, meet in your legislature, your city councils with the hopes of congregating with other such politicians to protect, and defend their overall interests held within that community. They take a special vow to each other, to act in such a manner, to unite, and agree to specific things, to protect each other from those who may, or may not think alike, or differently.  
So, is not a politician ultimately, a person who cares about his or her own interest, and of which will lie, cheat, steal, or gain a higher authority, in order to maintain, and control their place in nature, in order to protect their 'interests' in the community? 
Therefore, a person who rises to such authority, becomes a Demagogue or a person  a popular leader, a leader of a mob, chosen by the people, the populace, the commons, or rabble-rouser, of whom is a political leader in a democracy who gains popularity by arousing the common people against elites, especially through oratory that whips up the passions of crowds, appealing to emotion, by scapegoating out-groups, exaggerating dangers to stoke fears, lying for emotional effect, or other rhetoric that tends to drown out reasoned deliberation and encourage fanatical popularity.  Demagogues overturn established norms of political conduct, or promise or threaten to do so. 
So, there you have it, a Politician is nothing more than a Liar, a Privileged Leader, a Self-Contained Individual, of which rises above the rest, of a class of citizens, in order to lie, cheat, steal, and manipulate the activities and laws of the community. And if 'we' are all active members in our community in some sense, or manner, are we not all politicians today?  
For we do not want what is best for ourselves, our families, our own self interest, let alone want to defend, and safeguard our own property rights, both as a person, and our place in time, our community, to maintain control of our own place in time. 
We are all politicians - as voters, as businessmen and women, as landowners, as vested members of the community, for we act' in such a manner to choose those who think like us, do as we do, to support the things or activities of which we value.  
Therefore, a politician can be anyone, from the casual Voter, to our Governor, to our Mayors, to Legislators, City Councilors, Sheriffs, Judges, Attorneys, or anyone in high places of power who have been propped up by the people themselves.  
In South Dakota, as per S.D.C.L 12-4-1: 
Every person residing within the state who has the qualifications of a voter prescribed by \'a7 12-3-1 or 12-3-1.1, or who will have such qualifications at the next ensuing municipal, primary, general, or school district election, shall be entitled to be registered as a voter in the voting precinct in which he resides. Whereas, Any person registering to vote shall provide the person's valid South Dakota driver license number or a South Dakota nondriver identification number on the voter registration form. If a person does not have a valid South Dakota driver license or a South Dakota nondriver identification number, the person shall provide the last four digits of the person's social security number on the voter registration form. If a person does not have a valid South Dakota driver license, a South Dakota nondriver identification number, or a social security number, the person may only register at the county auditor's office and shall sign a statement verifying the fact that the person does not have a valid South Dakota driver license, a South Dakota nondriver identification number, or a social security number. The statement shall be prescribed by the State Board of Elections. 
The County Auditor of each of the counties must maintain, and keep prudent records of all active, qualified voters of the State.  
As per S.D.C.L 12-4-18:  
The clerk of courts shall, within fifteen days after the close of each month, prepare and deliver to the auditor an abstract from the records of the names of persons declared mentally incompetent in the preceding month. The notice shall be sent to the county auditor of the county in which the person declared incompetent resides. The county auditor shall remove from the master registration list the names of persons identified in accordance with the information provided pursuant to this section and names of those sentenced to imprisonment in the federal penitentiary system and may remove names published in an obituary. Furthermore, voter registration records maintained in or transmitted to the statewide voter registration file shall be matched with the death records maintained as vital statistics records by the Department of Health and the records of felony convictions maintained by the Unified Judicial System. Any voter identified as deceased or who is serving a sentence for a felony conviction shall be removed from the voter registration records. The State Board of Elections may promulgate rules, pursuant to chapter 1-26, determining how voter registration records shall be matched. 
So, by law, we have defined who can become a "Qualified Voter" and who cannot actively participate in our governing process. 
First, foremost, a "Citizen of the State of South Dakota" is and always will be any American of which submits to, and places himself, his property, within the political subdivision of the "State" itself, of which is defined by S.D.C.L 1-1-1 adopted by those who first established, created, and laid out, and formed the State Republic, called South Dakota.  
The sovereignty and jurisdiction of this state extend to all territory within its established boundaries except as to such places wherein jurisdiction is expressly ceded to the United States by the State Constitution, or wherein jurisdiction has been heretofore or may be hereafter ceded to the United States, with the consent of the people of this state, expressed by their Legislature and the consent of the United States. 
As a "Citizen" of this State - you cannot belong to any such political subdivision outside the state's jurisdictional boundaries, you cannot be placed on another "States" voter registration list, nor can you vote in other states, or territories, let alone countries.  
Therefore, a Politician under the constitution and laws of South Dakota can be anyone of the following individuals... 
  1. Governor 
  2. Lt. Governor 
  3. Attorney General 
  4. Secretary of State 
  5. State Treasurer 
  6. State Auditor 
  7. Land Commissioner  
  8. Public Utilities Commissioner 
  9. Supreme Court Justice(s) 
  10. State or County Judges 
  11. State Senator 
  12. State Representative 
  13. State Officials, Officers, Agents, Employees 
  14. All Members of the S.D Legislative Research Council 
  15. County Sheriffs 
  16. County, District Attorneys 
  17. County Commissioners, 
  18. County Officials, Officers, Agents, Employees 
  19. City Mayors 
  20. City Councilors 
  21. City Officials, Officers, Agents, Employees 
  22. County and Precinct Committee Persons 
  23. Landowners 
  24. Property Holders 
  25. Qualified Voters 
All persons of which are part of that "elite" status of persons, can be, and are part of the Politeia, a community of people living together, of who actively participate, and become part of a group of people within their governing process of a state, a county, a city, a local subdivision, of which each wish to maintain, control, and have great influence in their communities.  
Do you want to actively seek out, and elect those who care about their own interests above the community, or do you actively want to choose from a small list of "Statesmen" of who best wish to actively participate in the process of adopting our laws, codes, vows, let alone choose other persons, best using a sense of morals, values, and respects for the overall needs of the community - we call these people "Statesmen".  
Statesmen - a person who is experienced in the art of government, or versed in the administration of public affairs, and of whom exhibits great wisdom and ability of directing the affairs of government, dealing in important public affairs of the community, best choosing morals, values, self discipline, putting the needs of others above their own, not caring to hold a career in politics.  
In closing, 'we' are all politicians, all of us who actively choose to participate in the governing process of choosing our leaders, adopting vows, initiatives, promises, administrative policies, to community codes are part of a class of people.  
The difference between a Self Centered Person and someone of whom wishes to put the needs of others first, separates us in the overall process of how we wish to govern our Country, State, County, to Local Communities.  
If the word Politician is defined as a liar, a self absorbed person who only cares about their own interests and goals, then are we not all Politicians today? What then separates good politicians from bad politicians...